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Mygratory Systems – Some ideas for Europe

Martedi 15 maggio 2018, ore 14.15 - Aula seminari, ala ovest

Autore:  Andrea Salvini, Georg Bolits

Objective:
The objective of this brainstorming note is to reflect on some migration facts and open a dialogue for solutions to:

- Moving irregular labour immigration channels in to regular ones, for non-rival occupations 1 , hence re-orienting the current approaches from the mainly humanitarian (refugee crisis) angle to the socio-economic angle. In other words, the notes proposes tools to move from a quota based system to an employers based system;

- Decrease migration costs by cutting down recruitment intermediaries;

- Re-root migration dynamics on structural labour shortages of enterprises, so as to reconcile European communities with migration issues.

Background
Current approaches used to design immigration systems in Europe are able to describe migration departures via push factors but miss out to describe arrivals of labour migrants. Push explanatory factors mainly revert back to economic inequalities and political instabilities in migration origin countries. Pull factors look at the labour needs of employers in countries of destination that are not able to, or find more convenient to recruit labour overseas. Pull factor approaches aim to explain arrivals with the idea that people move overseas also because economies in destination countries have labour shortages to address. These shortages can be i) structural, due to demographic factors; ii) seasonal, due to the specific human resource needs at sectoral level, as well as iii) based on the presence of jobs that native Europeans are not likely to take or for which new comers are likely to offer labour to employers at a discount price. The finality of this note is not diagnostic, but programmatic. For this reason, the complex discussion on labour market governance of the recent migration waves towards Europe is herewith focused on how to address two mechanisms that are currently increasing labour costs for employers and reduce well-being of both national (Italian, European) and foreign (non-EU) workers. First, each and every arrival in fortress Europe that is regularized acts as an incentive to irregular recruiters in migration origin countries to send more irregular migrants, often disguised by the statuses of refugees or asylum seekers. Mere regularization paradoxically has exacerbated the death and exploitation toll of foreigners that took place since 2011 and for which the industry of migration practitioners must find both emergency and governance solutions. I place the governance implication before the humanitarian one on purpose; I believe that European and international observers and policy makers have confused the two spheres of policy (humanitarian and labour governance) and this has exacerbated, rather than mitigated, the current crisis.

[Ultimo aggiornamento: 14/06/2018 09:56:17]